A Week in Review: 6/30/13 – 7/6/13

July 1, 2013

A look into Duke’s scientific research
Duke has made a name for itself in groundbreaking scientific research earning a Nobel prize, numerous grants and countless headlines. Through the practical application of technologies, researchers have been able to solve diverse sets of problems.

July 1, 2013

Altitude Sickness May Hinder Ethnic Integration in the World’s Highest Places
Research from Princeton University published in the journal Applied Geography suggests that people native to low-lying areas can be naturally barred from regions such as the Tibetan Plateau, the Andes or the Himalayas by altitude sickness, which is caused by low oxygen concentration in the air and can be life-threatening. As a result, the homogeny of the local population can increase with elevation. In nations shared by people of high- and lowland extractions, this separation can potentially increase ethnic tension.

July 3, 2013

SRI Alumnus and World-Renowned Computing Pioneer Douglas Engelbart Passed Away July 2
Engelbart’s work is the very foundation of personal computing and the Internet. His vision was to solve humanity’s most important problems by using computers to improve communications and collaboration. He was world famous for his invention of the computer mouse and the origins of interactive computing.



A Week in Review: 6/23/13 – 6/29/13

June 24, 2013

New Scheme for Quantum Computing
Tom Wong, a graduate student in physics and David Meyer, professor of mathematics at the University of California, San Diego, have proposed a new algorithm for quantum computing that will speed a particular type of problem. But swifter calculations would come at the cost of greater physical resources devoted to precise timekeeping, their analysis has determined. This work was partially supported by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) as part of the Quantum Entanglement Science and Technology program and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research as part of the Transformational Computing in Aerospace Science and Engineering Initiative.

June 25, 2013

Air Force announces universities to receive research equipment awards
The Air Force announced today that 29 university researchers at 26 academic institutions have been selected to receive awards to support the purchase of research instrumentation. The 29 awards will total $12.7 million and are being made under the Defense University Research Instrumentation Program (DURIP). These awards are the result of a merit competition for DURIP funding jointly conducted by the Army Research Office, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. The awards announced today will be made by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Awards made by the Army Research Office and the Office of Naval Research were announced via www.defense.gov on 3 June 2013.

June 25, 2013

Inspiration from the reflective sides of silvery fish
An animal biophotonic structure provides a design pathway for a new class of polarization-insensitive, broadband multilayer mirror.

June 27, 2013

Two Wright State professors land coveted Air Force grants
Two professors from Wright State University have been awarded highly-competitive grants from the U.S. Air Force for research equipment.

June 28, 2013

Training intelligent systems to think on their own
The computing devices and software programs that enable the technology on which the modern world relies, says Hector Munoz-Avila, can be likened to adolescents. Thanks to advanced mathematical formulas known as algorithms, these systems, or agents, are now sufficiently intelligent to reason and to make responsible decisions–without adult supervision–in their own environments.