A Week in Review: 6/30/13 – 7/6/13

July 1, 2013

A look into Duke’s scientific research
Duke has made a name for itself in groundbreaking scientific research earning a Nobel prize, numerous grants and countless headlines. Through the practical application of technologies, researchers have been able to solve diverse sets of problems.

July 1, 2013

Altitude Sickness May Hinder Ethnic Integration in the World’s Highest Places
Research from Princeton University published in the journal Applied Geography suggests that people native to low-lying areas can be naturally barred from regions such as the Tibetan Plateau, the Andes or the Himalayas by altitude sickness, which is caused by low oxygen concentration in the air and can be life-threatening. As a result, the homogeny of the local population can increase with elevation. In nations shared by people of high- and lowland extractions, this separation can potentially increase ethnic tension.

July 3, 2013

SRI Alumnus and World-Renowned Computing Pioneer Douglas Engelbart Passed Away July 2
Engelbart’s work is the very foundation of personal computing and the Internet. His vision was to solve humanity’s most important problems by using computers to improve communications and collaboration. He was world famous for his invention of the computer mouse and the origins of interactive computing.



How the Computer Mouse Came To Be

Imagine using a joystick or your knee to control the pointer on your computer screen? That could be the case if the basic research of Dr. Douglas Engelbart wasn’t funded.
In the early 1960s, AFOSR awarded a contract to Dr. Engelbart and the Stanford Research Institute for research on augmenting human intellect and the potential for computers to assist people in complex decision-making.

His 1962 report to AFOSR served as a roadmap for developing computer technologies–particularly in the area of human interfaces.

This was followed in 1964 with his design of the first computer mouse, a wooden casing with two metal wheels that provided a way to “point and click” on a display screen.
Engelbart and his team would go on to make significant contributions to what would become the graphic user interface, and were involved in the development of ARPANET, the precursor of the Internet.

With early funding for the inventor of the mouse and scores of computer related innovations, AFOSR played a role in sparking the computer revolution.

Did you know that Stanford Research Institute patented the mouse and licensed it to Apple for just $40,000?

A Week in Review: 3/18/12 to 3/24/12

A quick recap of AFRL and AFOSR news mentions over the past week.

March 19, 2012

10 Brilliant DARPA Inventions
The On-Line System was the brainchild of PC mouse inventor Douglas Engelbart, who in 1961 proposed to the director of information sciences of the US Air Force Office of Scientific Research to “develop a comprehensive framework for augmenting human intellect”.

Wright-Patt serves as support hub for Afghanistan
The Air Force Research Laboratory has responded to pleas from battlefield commanders for improvements that can help combat search and rescue specialists and the joint terminal attack controllers who work with U.S. aircraft to direct strikes on enemy targets. AFRL personnel at Wright-Patterson have helped develop and test lighter, longer-lasting batteries and more sophisticated night-vision technology.

March 20, 2012
Air Force Office of Scientific Research hosts nanotechnology pioneer
Dr. Mirkin’s presentation was part of a continuing series of events planned throughout the coming year as part of AFOSR’s 60th anniversary celebration and was scheduled during AFOSR’s annual Spring Review program, taking advantage of an audience from numerous science and technology organizations holding wide-ranging scientific and engineering interests.

March 21, 2012
Optoelectronics industry seeks manufacturing comeback
Several Ohio universities will work with the Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson to create a facility that will eventually be designated as a “trusted assembly/packaging plant” for photonics.

March 22, 2012
AEDC’s Tunnel 9 is the site of unique program debut
Arnold Engineering Development Center’s White Oak site in Silver Spring, Md., is home to a new and innovative program sponsored by the Test Resource Management Center and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.