A Week in Review: 1/5/14 – 1/11/14

January 7, 2014

New, Simple Technique May Drive Down Biofuel Production Costs
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple, effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels, which may drive down the cost of biofuel production.

With Laser-Doping, Silicon Responds to IR Light
New IR imaging systems could be possible now that a new method has demonstrated that silicon is more responsive to IR light when laser-doped with one of its most dangerous impurities: gold.

January 8, 2014

Engineers make world’s fastest organic transistor, heralding
Teams from Stanford and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln collaborate to make thin, transparent semiconductors that could become the foundation for cheap, high-performance displays.

Two faculty receive Presidential Early Career Awards
Greg Fuchs, assistant professor of applied and engineering physics, and Noah Snavely, assistant professor of computer science, are among 102 winners this year of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on early career scientists and engineers.

A Week in Review: 11/17/13 – 11/23/13

November 20, 2013

Scripps Oceanography Researchers Engineer Breakthrough for Biofuel Production
Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have developed a method for greatly enhancing biofuel production in tiny marine algae.

November 22, 2013

Sticky Business: Magnetic Pollen Replicas Offer Multimodal Adhesion Sticky Business
Researchers have created magnetic replicas of sunflower pollen grains using a wet chemical, layer-by-layer process that applies highly conformal iron oxide coatings. The replicas possess natural adhesion properties inherited from the spiky pollen particles while gaining magnetic behavior, allowing for tailored adhesion to surfaces.


A Week in Review: 11/10/13 – 11/16/13

November 11, 2013

The Hunt for Biofuels Looks Beyond Ethanol
A push is on to get more energy from nonedible plants

November 13, 2013

Nature’s Glowing Slime: Scientists Peek into Hidden Sea Worm’s Light
Clouds of bioluminescent mucus–emitted by a marine worm that lives in a cocoon-like habitat — are linked to a common vitamin

Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and their colleagues are unraveling the mechanisms behind a little-known marine worm that produces a dazzling bioluminescent display in the form of puffs of blue light released into seawater. The Air Force Office of Scientific Research’s Natural Materials, Systems, and Extremophiles Program and the Hans & Ella McCollum ’21 Vahlteich Endowment supported the research.


A Week in Review: 06/03/12 to 6/09/12

A quick recap of AFRL and AFOSR news mentions over the past week.

June 4, 2012

Physicists store short movies in an atomic vapor
The storage of light-encoded messages on film and compact disks and as holograms is ubiquitous—grocery scanners, Netflix disks, credit-card images are just a few examples. And now light signals can be stored as patterns in a room-temperature vapor of atoms.

Ascending Aggies win design competition with superhero device
A team of engineering students at Utah State University designed what could be the next high-tech device for military special forces.

June 5, 2012

Energy-dense Biofuel from Cellulose Close to Being Economical
A new Purdue University-developed process for creating biofuels has shown potential to be cost-effective for production scale, opening the door for moving beyond the laboratory setting.

June 7, 2012

Emerging Optics Technology to Fly on Microsatellite: Photon Sieve Demonstrated for First Time in Ground Experiment
A kitchen gadget used to sift flour and other ingredients is the inspiration behind the name of an emerging technology that could resolve some of the more intriguing components of the sun’s chromosphere — the irregular layer above the photosphere that contributes to the formation of solar flares and coronal mass ejections.

AFRL seeks computer network that morph under attack
The Air Force Research Laboratory wants to build a “rapidly-shifting” computer network infrastructure that morphs when under attack and confuses those trying to target it, government documents show.

Save Rome Lab: As cyberwarfare escalates, so must cybersecurity
The “next Pearl Harbor we confront could very well be a cyberattack that cripples our power systems, our grid, our security systems, our financial systems,” Defense Secretary Leon Panetta warned last year.

June 8, 2012

Armored caterpillar could inspire new body armor
Military body armor and vehicle and aircraft frames could be transformed by incorporating the unique structure of the club-like arm of a crustacean that looks like an armored caterpillar, according to findings by a team of researchers at the University of California.