A Week in Review: 4/6/14 – 4/12/14

April 6, 2014

Self-Assembled Silver Superlattices Create Molecular Machines with Hydrogen-Bond “Hinges” and Moving “Gears”
A combined computational and experimental study of self-assembled silver-based structures known as superlattices has revealed an unusual and unexpected behavior: arrays of gear-like molecular-scale machines that rotate in unison when pressure is applied to them.
http://www.research.gatech.edu/news/self-assembled-silver-superlattices-create-molecular-machines-hydrogen-bond-%E2%80%9Chinges%E2%80%9D-and-moving

April 7, 2014

Computing’s invisible challenge
Northeastern University assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering Ningfang Mi recently learned she was one of 42 early-​​career researchers to win a Young Investigator Award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. She plans to use award to figure out a better way to manage the vast amount of information sharing that takes place online—and push that mas­sive technical challenge even further into the background for end users.
http://www.northeastern.edu/news/2014/04/computings-invisible-challenge/

Rebar technique strengthens case for graphene
Carbon nanotubes are reinforcing bars that make two-dimensional graphene much easier to handles in a new hybrid material grown by researchers at Rice University. The Rice lab of chemist James Tour set nanotubes into graphene in a way that not only mimics how steel rebar is used in concrete but also preserves and even improves the electrical and mechanical qualities of both.
http://news.rice.edu/2014/04/07/rebar-technique-strengthens-case-for-graphene/

April 9, 2014

New ‘switch’ could power quantum computing
Using a laser to place individual rubidium atoms near the surface of a lattice of light, scientists at MIT and Harvard University have developed a new method for connecting particles — one that could help in the development of powerful quantum computing systems.
http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/new-switch-could-power-quantum-computing-0409

April 10, 2014

Fruit flies, fighter jets use similar nimble tactics when under attack
Researchers at the University of Washington used an array of high-speed video cameras operating at 7,500 frames a second to capture the wing and body motion of flies after they encountered a looming image of an approaching predator.
http://www.washington.edu/news/2014/04/10/fruit-flies-fighter-jets-use-similar-nimble-tactics-when-under-attack/

April 11, 2014

Air Force R&D group experiments with Google Glass
The BATMAN researchers are experimenting with many probable battlefield scenarios, including how Google Glass could be used by ground forces to help aircraft acquire targets or how it could work as a communications device between combat controllers and overhead aircraft.
http://www.airforcetimes.com/article/20140411/NEWS04/304110040/Air-Force-R-D-group-experiments-Google-Glass

A Week in Review: 3/23/14 – 3/29/14

March 24, 2014

Air Force Office of Scientific Research selects materials researchers for Star Team Awards
Three research groups, under the leadership of Air Force Research Laboratory Materials and Manufacturing Directorate scientists were named Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Star Teams for 2014. The Star Team Award emphasizes and recognizes excellence in basic research performed within AFRL’s technology directorates. The designation is limited to no more than 10 percent of AFRL’s intramural basic research activities, and it acknowledges researchers who have demonstrated world class scientific or engineering achievement that is cutting edge, and “the best of the best.”
http://www.wpafb.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123404659

March 25, 2014

When hummingbirds fly unfriendly skies
The first measurements of how much a flying animal’s metabolism revs up when coping with turbulent air come from five Anna’s hummingbirds (Calypte anna) that Victor M. Ortega-Jimenez of the University of California, Berkeley and his colleagues tested.
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/when-hummingbirds-fly-unfriendly-skies

March 26, 2014

UTEP Professor Receives Grant from Air Force Office of Scientific Research
Assistant Professor of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering David Roberson, Ph.D., has been awarded a Young Investigator Research Program (YIP) grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Roberson the first UTEP faculty member or researcher to receive this particular grant.
http://engineering.utep.edu/announcement032614.htm

March 27, 2014

Cadet wins American Chemical Society award for polymer research
A senior cadet here won an award for the best undergraduate research poster from the American Chemical Society’s Division of Polymer Chemistry during the Society’s national meeting in Dallas March 16-20.
http://www.usafa.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123405134

March 29, 2014

The Artificial Leaf Is Here. Again.
General Electric is promoting a feel-good collection of videos these days. Called “Focus Forward,” it promises “short films, big ideas.” Each of these mini-docs triumphantly chronicles an innovative idea, like Daniel Nocera’s. This Harvard chemist has pioneered the artificial leaf, an invention that generates energy more or less the way a tree does. Light strikes a container of water and out bubbles hydrogen, an energy source.
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/30/technology/the-artificial-leaf-is-here-again.html?_r=1

A Week in Review: 3/2/14 – 3/8/14

March 3, 2014

World Leader in LCD Research Selected for National Award
A much-decorated UCF optics researcher who specializes in liquid crystal displays and is among the university’s top patent generators is being recognized again by the nation’s premier optics society. Shin-Tson Wu, Pegasus professor of optics, has been selected to receive the Esther Hoffman Beller Medal from The Optical Society (OSA) for his broad and significant impact to academia and industry in photonics education.
http://today.ucf.edu/world-leader-lcd-research-selected-national-award/

March 5, 2014

Dealing with Loss
There’s exciting news from JILA’s ultracold molecule collaboration. The Jin, Ye, Holland, and Rey groups have come up with new theory (verified by experiment) that explains the suppression of chemical reactions between potassium-rubidium (KRb) molecules in the KRb quantum simulator.
https://jila.colorado.edu/news-highlights/dealing-loss

March 6, 2014

Crystals Ripple in Response to Light
Light can trigger coordinated, wavelike motions of atoms in atom-thin layers of crystal, scientists have shown. The waves, called phonon polaritons, are far shorter than light waves and can be “tuned” to particular frequencies and amplitudes by varying the number of layers of crystal, they report in the early online edition of Science March 7.
http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/pressrelease/crystals_ripple_in_response_to_light

Colored diamonds are a superconductor’s best friend
University of California, Berkeley, physicist Dmitry Budker and his colleagues at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel and UCLA have now shown that these diamond sensors can measure the tiny magnetic fields in high-temperature superconductors, providing a new tool to probe these much ballyhooed but poorly understood materials.
http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2014/03/06/colored-diamonds-are-a-superconductors-best-friend/

 

A Week in Review: 2/23/14 – 3/1/14

February 24, 2014

Dr. McGuffey awarded Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Program Grant
Dr. McGuffey’s project, titled Dynamics of high-intensity laser-driven proton beam transport in solid density materials was among 42 nationwide selected for funding by the program. Dr. McGuffey is a member of High Energy Density Physics Group led by Professor Farhat Beg in the Jacobs School of Engineering. The project will investigate transport of proton beams produced by high intensity lasers. Such beams have exceptionally high beam density, among the highest that can be produced, making them a unique tool to develop basic understandings of energy transport in warm dense plasma, and material survivability in extreme environments.
http://maeweb.ucsd.edu/node/296

February 25, 2014

Rein Ulijn To Head ASRC Nanoscience Initiative
Rein Ulijn, a renowned nanochemist who has been one of Europe’s rising young research stars over the past decade, has been appointed the founding director of the nanoscience initiative of CUNY’s new Advanced Science Research Center.
http://www1.cuny.edu/mu/asrc-news/2014/02/25/rein-ulijn-to-head-asrc-nanoscience-initiative/

February 28, 2014

Virginia Tech hosting debut student competition to design 3-D printed aircraft, ground vehicles
Virginia Tech will play host to a first-time university-wide competition for students to deign on-demand, remote-controlled 3-D printed aircraft and ground vehicles.
http://www.eng.vt.edu/news/virginia-tech-hosting-debut-student-competition-design-3-d-printed-aircraft-ground-vehicles

A Week in Review: 2/16/14 – 2/22/14

February 18, 2014

Sloan Research Fellowship latest award for CU-Boulder Professor Gordana Dukovic
Today the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation announced that Dukovic was one of 126 people in the U.S. and Canada selected for one of the prestigious Sloan Research Fellowships in 2014. Awarded annually since 1955, the fellowships are given to early career scientists and scholars whose achievements and potential identify them both as rising stars and the next generation of scientific leaders.
http://www.colorado.edu/news/releases/2014/02/18/sloan-research-fellowship-latest-award-cu-boulder-professor-gordana-dukovic

Hyperspectral sensor lets drones see through camouflage, spot explosives
The Air Force is planning to test a high-powered spectral sensor for unmanned aerial vehicles capable of spotting such things on the ground as improvised explosives or camouflaged targets by identifying what those objects are made of.
http://defensesystems.com/articles/2014/02/25/air-force-aces-hy-hyperspectral.aspx?admgarea=DS

February 21, 2014

Researchers Create Powerful Muscles From Fishing Line, Thread
In a paper published Feb. 21 in the journal Science, the researchers explain that the powerful muscles are produced by twisting and coiling high-strength polymer fishing line and sewing thread. Scientists at UT Dallas’ Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute teamed with scientists from universities in Australia, South Korea, Canada, Turkey and China to accomplish the advances.
http://www.utdallas.edu/news/2014/2/21-28701_Researchers-Create-Powerful-Muscles-From-Fishing-L_story-wide.html