A Week in Review: 7/6/14 – 7/12/14

July 8, 2014

Researcher receives Young Investigator Award for wind tunnel research
Dr. Lian Duan, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Missouri University of Science and Technology, has received a Young Investigator Award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research to support his research on how noise affects wind tunnel testing of boundary-layer transition for high-speed, hypersonic flight.
http://news.mst.edu/2014/07/researcher-receives-young-investigator-award-for-wind-tunnel-research/

‘Metamirror’ Doubles Incident Light Frequency
A nanostructure produces nonlinear effects a million times greater than traditional, macroscale nonlinear crystals, according to a team of researchers from Texas and Germany. This “metamirror” could enable miniaturized laser systems and enhance chemical sensing, explosives detection and biomedical research. http://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=56424

July 6, 2014

New hypersonic research branch coming to AEDC
In light of the success of several joint projects, AFRL leadership has decided to extend the organization’s partnership with AEDC by establishing a new hypersonic research branch, to be known as the High Speed Experimentation Branch, at Arnold Air Force Base.
http://www.tullahomanews.com/?p=25103

A Week in Review: 2/23/14 – 3/1/14

February 24, 2014

Dr. McGuffey awarded Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Program Grant
Dr. McGuffey’s project, titled Dynamics of high-intensity laser-driven proton beam transport in solid density materials was among 42 nationwide selected for funding by the program. Dr. McGuffey is a member of High Energy Density Physics Group led by Professor Farhat Beg in the Jacobs School of Engineering. The project will investigate transport of proton beams produced by high intensity lasers. Such beams have exceptionally high beam density, among the highest that can be produced, making them a unique tool to develop basic understandings of energy transport in warm dense plasma, and material survivability in extreme environments.
http://maeweb.ucsd.edu/node/296

February 25, 2014

Rein Ulijn To Head ASRC Nanoscience Initiative
Rein Ulijn, a renowned nanochemist who has been one of Europe’s rising young research stars over the past decade, has been appointed the founding director of the nanoscience initiative of CUNY’s new Advanced Science Research Center.
http://www1.cuny.edu/mu/asrc-news/2014/02/25/rein-ulijn-to-head-asrc-nanoscience-initiative/

February 28, 2014

Virginia Tech hosting debut student competition to design 3-D printed aircraft, ground vehicles
Virginia Tech will play host to a first-time university-wide competition for students to deign on-demand, remote-controlled 3-D printed aircraft and ground vehicles.
http://www.eng.vt.edu/news/virginia-tech-hosting-debut-student-competition-design-3-d-printed-aircraft-ground-vehicles

A Week in Review: 1/19/14 – 1/25/14

January 24, 2014

AFOSR awards $15.5 million in research grants
The Air Force Office of Scientific Research today announced that it will award approximately $15.5 million in grants to 42 scientists and engineers from 32 research institutions who submitted winning research proposals through the Air Force’s Young Investigator Research Program (YIP).
http://www.wpafb.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123377864

AFOSR awards $15.5 million in research grants

We announced our 2014 Young Investigator Research Program award winners!
Approximately $15.5 million in grants to 42 scientists and engineers from 32 research institutions who submitted winning research proposals through the Air Force’s Young Investigator Research Program (YIP).

The YIP is open to scientists and engineers at research institutions across the United States who received Ph.D. or equivalent degrees in the last five years and who show exceptional ability and promise for conducting basic research.

The objective of this program is to foster creative basic research in science and engineering, enhance early career development of outstanding young investigators, and increase opportunities for the young investigators to recognize the Air Force mission and the related challenges in science and engineering.

This year AFOSR received 234 proposals in response to the AFOSR broad agency announcement solicitation in major areas of interest to the Air Force. These areas include: Dynamical Systems and Control, Quantum and Non-Equilibrium Processes, Information, Decision and Complex Networks, Complex Materials and Devices, and Energy, Power and Propulsion. AFOSR officials select proposals based on the evaluation criteria listed in the broad agency announcement. Those selected will receive the grants over a three-year period.

The recipients and their anticipated research areas are:

A Week in Review: 7/7/13 – 7/13/13

July 8, 2013

Not-weak knots bolster carbon fiber
Large flakes of graphene oxide are the essential ingredient in a new recipe for robust carbon fiber created at Rice University. The fiber spun at Rice is unique for the strength of its knots. Most fibers are most likely to snap under tension at the knot, but Rice’s fiber demonstrates what the researchers refer to as “100 percent knot efficiency,” where the fiber is as likely to break anywhere along its length as at the knot.
http://news.rice.edu/2013/07/08/not-weak-knots-bolster-carbon-fiber-2/

Humboldt-Laureate Prof. Federico Capasso as Guest Scientist at the Marx-Planck-Institute of Quantum Optics
In July 2013, the physicist Federico Capasso will join the Marx Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) as a guest scientist. Prof. Capasso is the Robert L. Wallace Professor of Applied Physics and a Vinton Hayes Senior Research Fellow in Electrical Engineering at Harvard University (Cambridge, MA USA). In May 2013, he was honoured with a Humboldt Research Award. This award is granted by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation to outstanding foreign academics at the peak of their careers. Award winners are invited to spend a period of six to twelve months on academic collaboration with specialist colleagues in Germany.
http://www.mpq.mpg.de/cms/mpq/en/news/awards/13_07_08.html  

July 9, 2013

Air Force Fiscal Year 2014 Young Investigator Research Program (YIP) BAA posted on Grants.gov
The Young Investigator Research Program (YIP) supports young scientists and engineers in Air Force relevant disciplines and is designed to promote innovative research in fields such as: energy, power and propulsion, materials interactions in extreme environments, aero-structure interactions and control, hierarchical design and characterization of materials, space architecture and protection, thermal control, mathematical, information and computer sciences, biology, behavioral sciences, plasma and quantum physics, theoretical and experimental physics, microwave and photonic systems, information and signal process, and materials-processing techniques. The awards foster creative basic research, enhance early career development of outstanding young investigators, and increase opportunities to recognize Air Force mission and challenges in science and engineering.
http://go.usa.gov/j5dm

July 11, 2013

Imperfect graphene renders ‘electrical highways’
Just an atom thick, 200 times stronger than steel and near-perfect conductor, graphene’s future in electronics is all but certain. But to make this carbon supermaterial useful, it needs to be a semiconductor– a material than can switch between insulating and conducting states, which forms the basis for all electronics today. Combining experiment and theory, Cornell researchers have moved a step closer to making graphene a useful, controllable material. They showed that when grown in stacked layers, graphene produces some specific defects that influence its conductivity.
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2013/07/imperfect-graphene-renders-electrical-highways

A sound idea: Innovative lens takes shape as commercial product
On a late night in February 2011, two Princeton University researchers packed a small object into a box and set it out for the morning mail. The engineers had spent four years developing a new type of microscope lens that focuses in response to sound waves. They were sending their innovation to their first customer.
http://www.princeton.edu/main/news/archive/S37/17/38C24/index.xml