A Week in Review: 5/18/14 – 5/24/14

May 21, 2014

Academy research has a ‘bright future’
Researchers and cadets surpassed major milestones this year – filing new patents, creating major Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) outreach events and developing new research projects that will assist the Air Force in continuing to dominate air, space and cyberspace for decades.
http://www.usafa.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123411785

May 19, 2014

A device that essentially listens for light waves could help open up the last frontier of the electromagnetic spectrum—the terahertz range.
http://ns.umich.edu/new/releases/22188-new-t-ray-tech-converts-light-to-sound-for-weapons-detection-medical-imaging

A Week in Review: 6/2/13 – 6/8/13

June 3, 2013

AF appoints first female chief scientist

The Air Force appointed the service’s first female chief scientist to lead the way in the technology and science fields. Dr. Mica Endsley assumed her new duties and responsibilities as the 34th chief scientist June 3 in support of Air Force senior leaders and Airmen across the service. “Having served on the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board for many years, I’ve had the pleasure of working closely with the current and several former Air Force chief scientists,” Endsley said. “I know this is a tremendous opportunity to help the Air Force excel in its goal of maintaining the critical technological edge that gives our Airmen a strategic advantage.”
http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123351006

June 3, 2013

Airmen show ‘cool careers’ in a new ad campaign

The Air Force Recruiting Service is currently developing an ad campaign to teach young adults about cool career opportunities in the Air Force community, with the goal to inspire young people to join the Air Force. They also plan to demonstrate that the Air Force offers the same science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) opportunities as the private sector. http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123350970

June 4, 2013

Air Force weapons experts to brief industry on near-term and far-term fuzing research

U.S. Air Force weapons experts will brief industry June 25 and June 26 on fuze technology research efforts for specific applications available for near-term transition, as well as on research programs in the mid- and far-terms. The Fuze Technology Days event will enable government and industry to discuss research and development efforts in fuzing technology, and encourage collaboration among attendees. Briefings will be by experts in the Air Force Research Laboratory Munitions Directorate at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.
http://www.militaryaerospace.com/articles/2013/06/USAF-Fuze-briefings.html

Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions (HBCU/MI) Program BAA Released

The Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions (HBCU/MI) Program BAA is released. Research proposals from HBCU/MI are reviewed by AFOSR Program Managers as part of their core program and may be funded from funds set aside by the AFOSR Director. Applications Due: August 9, 2013 The Department of Defense Research and Education Program for the HBCU/MI program is executed under the oversight of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (ASD(R&E)). It is administered by the Army Research Office (ARO), the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). Download the announcement at http://1.usa.gov/13HRSoa

Week in Review: 5/26/13 – 6/1/13

May 30, 2013

Computer simulations help scientists understand HIV-1 infection

Scientists have long been unable to fully explain how infections attack the body, nut now a team of researchers, including one from the University of Central Florida, has taken a step closer to understanding how the process works in HIV-1. The results mean that one day that knowledge may prevent infection. http://nanowerk.com/news2/biotech/newsid=30731.php

May 31, 2013

Even with Defects, Graphene is Strongest Material in the World

In a new study, published in Science May 31, 2013, Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene, even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains, is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form. This work resolves a contradiction between theoretical simulations, which predicted that grain boundaries can be strong, and earlier experiments, which indicated that they were much weaker than the perfect lattice. http://engineering.columbia.edu/even-defects-graphene-strongest-material-world

Week in Review: 5/19/13 – 5/25/13

May 21, 2013

Air Force Research Lab challenges students with real-world warfighter need

The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has found a winning strategy for solving real world problems facing the warfighter. Each year AFRL poses a clearly defined problem to several universities and service academies, challenging them to compete for a “best solution” based upon certain criteria including system weight, ruggedness, time to employ, effectiveness, cost, and creativity. AFRL wins by collecting the great ideas that emerge from the competitions, while being introduced to some of our country’s finest up-and-coming engineers. University students win by experiencing real-world problem resolution while getting a chance to save the lives of servicemen and women. In addition, they’re able to see how fun it could be to work for AFRL! http://www.wpafb.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123349385

May 25, 2013

Shape-shifting Nanoparticles Flip from Sphere to Net in Response to Tumor Signal

Scientists at the University of California, San Diego, have designed tiny spherical particles to float easily through the bloodstream after injection, then assemble into a durable scaffold within the diseased tissue. An enzyme produced by a specific type of tumor can trigger the transformation of the spheres into netlike structures that accumulate at the site of a cancer, the team reports in the Journal Advanced Materials this week. http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/pressrelease/shape_shifting_nanoparticles_flip_from_sphere_to_net_in_response_to_tu

A Week in Review: 5/12/13 – 5/18/13

AFRL gains national recognition for STEM outreach

The Department of Defense needs to produce enough high-caliber science, technology, engineering and mathematics talent to ensure the U.S. maintains superiority in national defense. Fortunately, innovative Air Force STEM programs across the country are making a difference. http:/www.kirtland.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123348059

Two of Dr. Berman’s PI’s have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences

Naomi Halas, Professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering and Professor of Chemistry, Physics and Bioengineering at Rice University and Sharon Hammes-Schiffer, Professor of Chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2013 fellows of NAS. Naomi Halas’ work has been creating tailored nanoparticles in order to control their optical and energy transfer properties. This work is having widespread impact in the areas of sensors, catalysts, water treatment, and even cancer phototherapy. Sharon Hammes-Schiffer’s work has focused on theoretical studies of chemical reactions, particularly proton-coupled electron transfer reactions which play an important role in energy storage, catalysis and photosynthesis, and could impact design of solar cells.

Rice University Professor Naomi Halas has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences – one of the highest honors that can be conferred upon a U.S. scientist or engineer. She is one of 84 new members and 21 foreign associates announced today in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. http://bioengineering.rice.edu/Content.aspx?id=4294967599

Three faculty members at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2013 fellows of the National Academy of Sciences. Eduardo Fradkin, Martin Gruebele and Sharon Hammes-Schiffer are among the 84 new members and 21 foreign associates announced by the academy on April 30. http://www.news.illinois.edu/news/13/0430NAS_EduardoFradkin_MartinGruebele_SharonHammes-Schiffer.html

A Week in Review: 3/4/12 to 3/10/12

A quick recap of AFRL and AFOSR news mentions over the past week.

March 5, 2012

Nanofiber Breakthrough Holds Promise for Medicine and Microprocessors
A new method for creating nanofibers made of proteins, developed by researchers at Polytechnic Institute of New York University (NYU-Poly), promises to greatly improve drug delivery methods for the treatment of cancers, heart disorders and Alzheimer’s disease, as well as aid in the regeneration of human tissue, bone and cartilage.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/02/120229105139.htm

US Tests World’s First Military Fuel Cell Vehicle Fleet
The U.S. Army, Pacific is testing a fleet of 16 hydrogen fuel cell vehicles to research efficient, clean and renewable energy sources and reduce the military’s dependence on petroleum products. The military fleet of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles is funded by the Army Tank Automotive Research Development Engineering Center, Office of Naval Research and Air Force Research Laboratories.
http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/mar2012/2012-03-01-091.html

March 7, 2012

Influencing Stem Cell Fate: New Screening Method Helps Scientists Identify Key Information Rapidly
Northwestern University scientists have developed a powerful analytical method that they have used to direct stem cell differentiation. Out of millions of possibilities, they rapidly identified the chemical and physical structures that can cue stem cells to become osteocytes, cells found in mature bone.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120306131650.htm

USA Science & Engineering Festival Announces Nifty Fifty Program
The Nifty Fifty, sponsored by AT&T, are a group of science and engineering professionals who will fan out across the Washington, DC area in March/April to inspire students to seek careers in STEM.
http://eon.businesswire.com/news/eon/20120306006176/en/Education/Careers/STEM

Air Camp Returns for Third Year
In just its third year of operations, Air Camp is expanding in summer 2012 to offer three camp sessions in Dayton, Ohio, the birthplace of aviation. Since Air Camp’s inception in 2010, middle school students have traveled from across the U.S. to experience the wonders of flight and the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) of aviation and aeronautics. The University of Dayton campus serves as the host facility for housing and meeting space. From the UD campus, students will explore behind the scenes at the area’s major aviation and history sites, including the Air Force Research Laboratory, the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, Dayton History, and the Boonshoft Museum of Discovery.
http://www.udayton.edu/news/articles/2012/03/air_camp_three_session_expansion.php

March 8, 2012

Exotic materials boosts electromagnetism safely
By using exotic man-made materials scientists from Duke University and Boston College believe they can greatly enhance the forces of electromagnetism (EM), one of the four fundamental forces of nature, without harming living beings or damaging electrical equipment.
http://www.domain-b.com/technology/materials/20120307_safely.html

Hypersonic expert receives international accolade
The University of Queensland’s (UQ) Professor in Hypersonic Propulsion, Michael Smart, is part of an international research team, which will be honoured at the International Congress on Aeronautics in Brisbane, Australia, on September 23-28. The Australian-US team will receive the prestigious 2012 International Council on Aeronautics (ICAS) von Karman Award for international Co-operation in Aeronautics. They will present a paper at the conference on the Hypersonics International Flight Research Experimentation (HIFiRE) Program.
http://www.uq.edu.au/news/?article=24488

NASA Introduces the X-56A MUTT
MUTT is one of the Air Force’s newest X-planes, designated X-56A. The 7.5-foot-long aircraft has a 28-foot wingspan and will be powered by two 52-pound thrust JetCat P200-SX turbine engines. It is being built in California under contract to Lockheed Martin Corp., which will conduct the flight experiments for the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL).
http://www.clarksvilleonline.com/2012/03/07/nasa-introduces-the-x-56a-mutt/