Week in Review: 10/29/17 – 11/4/17

11/2/2017

The relentless pursuit of hypersonic flight

How much new science will it take to design a vehicle that can routinely fly at many times the speed of sound? http://physicstoday.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/PT.3.3762

A strange new world of light

Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a tool to generate new, more complex states of light in a completely different way. The research is published in Science. https://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2017/11/strange-new-world-of-light

Week in Review: 10/22/17 – 10/28/17

10/24/2017

Old phones get new life in high-powered computer servers

In a recent paper, graduate student Mohammad Shahrad and David Wentzlaff, an assistant professor of electrical engineering, demonstrated that it is possible to build servers out of ranks of old smartphones. Servers are specialized computers that provide data, storage or computing power to other computers. They are at the heart of the internet, from social media or video streaming to high-security banking. https://www.princeton.edu/news/2017/10/24/old-phones-get-new-life-high-powered-computer-servers

10/23/2017

Thruster for Mars mission breaks records

An advanced space engine in the running to propel humans to Mars has broken the records for operating current, power and thrust for a device of its kind, known as a Hall thruster. The development of the thruster was led by Alec Gallimore, University of Michigan professor of aerospace engineering and the Robert J. Vlasic Dean of Engineering. http://ns.umich.edu/new/releases/25192-thruster-for-mars-mission-breaks-records

Week in Review: 10/15/17 – 10/21/17

10/20/2017

CPS verification expert wins Air Force young investigator research award

Taylor T. Johnson, an assistant professor of computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering, has been recognized with an early career award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. He will receive a three-year grant to work on formal verification for cyber-physical systems (CPS) that is understandable and reusable.
https://engineering.vanderbilt.edu/news/2017/cps-verification-expert-wins-afosr-young-investigator-award/

Chad Mirkin receives 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal in Austria

Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin received a prestigious 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal at an award ceremony at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna on Oct. 19. He and CERN Director-General and particle physicist Fabiola Gianotti were each recognized with a medal at the ceremony. https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2017/october/chad-mirkin-receives-2017-wilhelm-exner-medal-in-austria/

Miniature water droplets could solve an origin-of-life riddle, Stanford researchers find

It is one of the great ironies of biochemistry: life on Earth could not have begun without water; yet water stymies some chemical reactions necessary for life itself. Now, researchers report today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they have found a novel, even poetic solution to the so-called “water problem” in the form of miniature droplets of water, formed perhaps in the mist of a crashing ocean wave or the clouds in the sky. https://news.stanford.edu/2017/10/20/miniature-droplets-solve-origin-life-riddle/

10/19/2017

Astronomers announce the first observation of the collision of neutron stars and birth of a Blue Kilonova

http://noticias.universia.cl/portada/noticia/2017/10/19/1156192/astronomos-anuncian-primera-observacion-colision-estrellas-neutrones-nacimiento-kilonova-azul.html

10/17/2017

AFRL, Harvard researchers invent new method of hybrid 3-D printing for flexible electronics

A collaboration between scientists at the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has resulted in a new method for digital design and printing of stretchable, flexible electronics. The process, called Hybrid 3-D printing, uses additive manufacturing to integrate soft, conductive inks with a material substrate to create stretchable, wearable electronic devices. http://www.wpafb.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1345097/afrl-harvard-researchers-invent-new-method-of-hybrid-3-d-printing-for-flexible/

10/16/2017

Jeff Eldredge selected as APS Fellow

Eldredge, Jeff [2017] University of California, Los Angeles

Citation: For significant contributions to the computational and theoretical modeling of vortex dynamics including agile flight and bio-inspired locomotion, fluid-structure interaction, flow-acoustic interaction, and vortex models and particle methods. Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/archive-all.cfm

Lou Cattafesta selected as APS Fellow

Cattafesta, Lou [2017] Florida State University

Citation: For seminal contributions in active flow control and aeroacoustics, including real-time closed-loop control, design tools for actuators and micro-electro-mechanical flow sensors, design and characterization of unique aeroacoustic facilities, and phased-array beamforming methods. Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/archive-all.cfm

Mihailo Jovanovic selected as APS Fellow

Jovanovic, Mihailo R. [2017] University of Southern California

Citation: For profound contributions to stability and flow control, and the application of control-theoretic and optimization techniques to the analysis of wall-bounded shear flows, drag reduction, and viscoelastic fluids. Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/archive-all.cfm

Long nanotubes make strong fibers

The Rice lab of chemist and chemical engineer Matteo Pasquali, which demonstrated its pioneering method to spin carbon nanotube into fibers in 2013, has advanced the art of making nanotube-based materials with two new papers in the American Chemical Society’s ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. https://engineering.rice.edu/long_nantubes

Vibrating nanoparticles interact

Like a tuning fork struck with a mallet, tiny gold nanodisks can be made to vibrate at resonant frequencies when struck by light. In new research, Rice University researchers showed they can selectively alter those vibrational frequencies by gathering different-sized nanodisks into groups. https://engineering.rice.edu/vibrating_nanoparticles

Week in Review: 10/8/17 – 10/14/17

10/13/2017

UWIN faculty Bing Brunton and Steve Brunton win AFOSR Young Investigator Awards

We are extremely proud to announce that two UWIN faculty members, Bing Brunton (Biology) and Steve Brunton (Mechanical Engineering) have each won an AFOSR Young Investigator Research Program Award! The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Young Investigator Program recognizes those “who show exceptional ability and promise for conducting basic research”, and who have received Ph.D. or equivalent degrees in the last five years.
http://uwin.washington.edu/2017/10/13/bing-brunton-steve-brunton-afosr-young-investigator-award/

MechE’s Sung Hoon Kang to receive AFOSR Young Investigator Program Award

Sung Hoon Kang, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and a member of the Hopkins Extreme Materials Institute, has been selected to receive an Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Program Award.
https://engineering.jhu.edu/news/2017/10/13/sung-hoon-kang-afosr-yip/

How Scientists Used NASA Data to Predict the Corona of the Aug. 21 Total Solar Eclipse

Predictive Science, Inc., San Diego, Calif. — a private computational physics research company supported by NASA, the National Science Foundation and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research — used data from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, to develop an improved numerical model that simulated what the corona would look like during the total eclipse. Their model uses observations of magnetic fields on the Sun’s surface and requires a wealth of supercomputing resources to predict how the magnetic field shapes the corona over time.
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2017/scientists-used-nasa-data-to-predict-the-corona-of-the-aug-21-total-solar-eclipse

10/12/2017

Why The U.S. Army and Air Force Are Funding Research On Octopus Skin

The U.S. military funding research on octopus skin may sound like an exceptional situation. However, it’s not; various branches of the military conduct a wide range of scientific research in their own facilities and also fund the experiments of independent scientists like Rob Shepherd, a professor and robotics hardware designer at Cornell University.
http://www.newsweek.com/why-us-army-and-air-force-are-funding-research-octopus-skin-683561

Octopus inspires 3-D texture morphing project

A group led by Rob Shepherd, assistant professor in the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, is using the cephalopod as inspiration for a method to morph flat surfaces into three-dimensional ones on demand.
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2017/10/octopus-inspires-3-d-texture-morphing-project#

10/11/2017

Bing Brunton wins AFOSR Young Investigator Research Program Award

Bingni Brunton, Assistant Professor of Biology at University of Washington, won her award for her proposal: “Sparse Sensing with Wing Mechanosensory Neurons for Estimation of Body Rotation in Flying Insects”. Congratulations Bing!!
https://www.biology.washington.edu/news/news/1507757400/bing-brunton-wins-afosr-young-investigator-research-program-award

10/10/2017

Forget about it

Inspired by human forgetfulness — how our brains discard unnecessary data to make room for new information — scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory and three universities, conducted a recent study that combined supercomputer simulation and X-ray characterization of a material that gradually “forgets.” This could one day be used for advanced bio-inspired computing.
http://www.anl.gov/articles/forget-about-it

Remembering the Rocket Man

A half century of dedication, excellence and service – that is what Dr. Kirti “Karman” N. Ghia gave to the University of Cincinnati (UC) and the UC College of Engineering and Applied Science (CEAS). Since his passing, Karman’s family, students, colleagues, and friends have been reflecting on the thousands of hours, stretched over decades, that he gave to teaching.
http://ceas.uc.edu/news-1718/drsghiaendowment.html

10/9/2017

Novel Circuit Design Boosts Wearable Thermoelectric Generators

Using flexible conducting polymers and novel circuitry patterns printed on paper, researchers have demonstrated proof-of-concept wearable thermoelectric generators that can harvest energy from body heat to power simple biosensors for measuring heart rate, respiration or other factors.
http://www.rh.gatech.edu/news/597089/novel-circuit-design-boosts-wearable-thermoelectric-generators

Week in Review: 10/1/17 – 10/7/17

10/4/2017

John A. Thornton Memorial Award and Lecture

To recognize outstanding research or technological innovation in the areas of interest to AVS, with emphasis on the fields of thin films, plasma processing, and related topics.
https://www.avs.org/Symposium/AVS-Awards-Awardees

Jennifer Dionne harnesses light to illuminate nano landscapes

Dionne has created new nanomaterials that steer light in ways that are impossible with natural substances. Her new projects could eventually lead to light-based technologies used to improve drugs or to create new tests to find cancerous cells. There are even applications for renewable energy, for example, designing materials that help solar cells absorb more light.
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/jennifer-dionne-sn-10-scientists-to-watch

10/2/2017

Asphalt helps lithium batteries charge faster

The Rice lab of chemist James Tour developed anodes comprising porous carbon made from asphalt that showed exceptional stability after more than 500 charge-discharge cycles. A high-current density of 20 milliamps per square centimeter demonstrated the material’s promise for use in rapid charge and discharge devices that require high-power density.
http://news.rice.edu/2017/10/02/asphalt-helps-lithium-batteries-charge-faster-2/