Week in Review: 10/15/17 – 10/21/17


CPS verification expert wins Air Force young investigator research award

Taylor T. Johnson, an assistant professor of computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering, has been recognized with an early career award from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. He will receive a three-year grant to work on formal verification for cyber-physical systems (CPS) that is understandable and reusable.

Chad Mirkin receives 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal in Austria

Northwestern University’s Chad A. Mirkin received a prestigious 2017 Wilhelm Exner Medal at an award ceremony at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna on Oct. 19. He and CERN Director-General and particle physicist Fabiola Gianotti were each recognized with a medal at the ceremony. https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2017/october/chad-mirkin-receives-2017-wilhelm-exner-medal-in-austria/

Miniature water droplets could solve an origin-of-life riddle, Stanford researchers find

It is one of the great ironies of biochemistry: life on Earth could not have begun without water; yet water stymies some chemical reactions necessary for life itself. Now, researchers report today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they have found a novel, even poetic solution to the so-called “water problem” in the form of miniature droplets of water, formed perhaps in the mist of a crashing ocean wave or the clouds in the sky. https://news.stanford.edu/2017/10/20/miniature-droplets-solve-origin-life-riddle/


Astronomers announce the first observation of the collision of neutron stars and birth of a Blue Kilonova



AFRL, Harvard researchers invent new method of hybrid 3-D printing for flexible electronics

A collaboration between scientists at the Air Force Research Laboratory and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has resulted in a new method for digital design and printing of stretchable, flexible electronics. The process, called Hybrid 3-D printing, uses additive manufacturing to integrate soft, conductive inks with a material substrate to create stretchable, wearable electronic devices. http://www.wpafb.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/1345097/afrl-harvard-researchers-invent-new-method-of-hybrid-3-d-printing-for-flexible/


Jeff Eldredge selected as APS Fellow

Eldredge, Jeff [2017] University of California, Los Angeles

Citation: For significant contributions to the computational and theoretical modeling of vortex dynamics including agile flight and bio-inspired locomotion, fluid-structure interaction, flow-acoustic interaction, and vortex models and particle methods. Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/archive-all.cfm

Lou Cattafesta selected as APS Fellow

Cattafesta, Lou [2017] Florida State University

Citation: For seminal contributions in active flow control and aeroacoustics, including real-time closed-loop control, design tools for actuators and micro-electro-mechanical flow sensors, design and characterization of unique aeroacoustic facilities, and phased-array beamforming methods. Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/archive-all.cfm

Mihailo Jovanovic selected as APS Fellow

Jovanovic, Mihailo R. [2017] University of Southern California

Citation: For profound contributions to stability and flow control, and the application of control-theoretic and optimization techniques to the analysis of wall-bounded shear flows, drag reduction, and viscoelastic fluids. Nominated by: Division of Fluid Dynamics http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/archive-all.cfm

Long nanotubes make strong fibers

The Rice lab of chemist and chemical engineer Matteo Pasquali, which demonstrated its pioneering method to spin carbon nanotube into fibers in 2013, has advanced the art of making nanotube-based materials with two new papers in the American Chemical Society’s ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. https://engineering.rice.edu/long_nantubes

Vibrating nanoparticles interact

Like a tuning fork struck with a mallet, tiny gold nanodisks can be made to vibrate at resonant frequencies when struck by light. In new research, Rice University researchers showed they can selectively alter those vibrational frequencies by gathering different-sized nanodisks into groups. https://engineering.rice.edu/vibrating_nanoparticles

Week in Review: 10/8/17 – 10/14/17


UWIN faculty Bing Brunton and Steve Brunton win AFOSR Young Investigator Awards

We are extremely proud to announce that two UWIN faculty members, Bing Brunton (Biology) and Steve Brunton (Mechanical Engineering) have each won an AFOSR Young Investigator Research Program Award! The Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) Young Investigator Program recognizes those “who show exceptional ability and promise for conducting basic research”, and who have received Ph.D. or equivalent degrees in the last five years.

MechE’s Sung Hoon Kang to receive AFOSR Young Investigator Program Award

Sung Hoon Kang, assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and a member of the Hopkins Extreme Materials Institute, has been selected to receive an Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Program Award.

How Scientists Used NASA Data to Predict the Corona of the Aug. 21 Total Solar Eclipse

Predictive Science, Inc., San Diego, Calif. — a private computational physics research company supported by NASA, the National Science Foundation and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research — used data from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, to develop an improved numerical model that simulated what the corona would look like during the total eclipse. Their model uses observations of magnetic fields on the Sun’s surface and requires a wealth of supercomputing resources to predict how the magnetic field shapes the corona over time.


Why The U.S. Army and Air Force Are Funding Research On Octopus Skin

The U.S. military funding research on octopus skin may sound like an exceptional situation. However, it’s not; various branches of the military conduct a wide range of scientific research in their own facilities and also fund the experiments of independent scientists like Rob Shepherd, a professor and robotics hardware designer at Cornell University.

Octopus inspires 3-D texture morphing project

A group led by Rob Shepherd, assistant professor in the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, is using the cephalopod as inspiration for a method to morph flat surfaces into three-dimensional ones on demand.


Bing Brunton wins AFOSR Young Investigator Research Program Award

Bingni Brunton, Assistant Professor of Biology at University of Washington, won her award for her proposal: “Sparse Sensing with Wing Mechanosensory Neurons for Estimation of Body Rotation in Flying Insects”. Congratulations Bing!!


Forget about it

Inspired by human forgetfulness — how our brains discard unnecessary data to make room for new information — scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with Brookhaven National Laboratory and three universities, conducted a recent study that combined supercomputer simulation and X-ray characterization of a material that gradually “forgets.” This could one day be used for advanced bio-inspired computing.

Remembering the Rocket Man

A half century of dedication, excellence and service – that is what Dr. Kirti “Karman” N. Ghia gave to the University of Cincinnati (UC) and the UC College of Engineering and Applied Science (CEAS). Since his passing, Karman’s family, students, colleagues, and friends have been reflecting on the thousands of hours, stretched over decades, that he gave to teaching.


Novel Circuit Design Boosts Wearable Thermoelectric Generators

Using flexible conducting polymers and novel circuitry patterns printed on paper, researchers have demonstrated proof-of-concept wearable thermoelectric generators that can harvest energy from body heat to power simple biosensors for measuring heart rate, respiration or other factors.

Week in Review: 10/1/17 – 10/7/17


John A. Thornton Memorial Award and Lecture

To recognize outstanding research or technological innovation in the areas of interest to AVS, with emphasis on the fields of thin films, plasma processing, and related topics.

Jennifer Dionne harnesses light to illuminate nano landscapes

Dionne has created new nanomaterials that steer light in ways that are impossible with natural substances. Her new projects could eventually lead to light-based technologies used to improve drugs or to create new tests to find cancerous cells. There are even applications for renewable energy, for example, designing materials that help solar cells absorb more light.


Asphalt helps lithium batteries charge faster

The Rice lab of chemist James Tour developed anodes comprising porous carbon made from asphalt that showed exceptional stability after more than 500 charge-discharge cycles. A high-current density of 20 milliamps per square centimeter demonstrated the material’s promise for use in rapid charge and discharge devices that require high-power density.

Week in Review: 9/24/17 – 9/30/17


Team builds flexible new platform for high-performance electronics

A team of University of Wisconsin–Madison engineers has created the most functional flexible transistor in the world — and with it, a fast, simple and inexpensive fabrication process that’s easily scalable to the commercial level.


Printed meds could reinvent pharmacies, drug research

A technology that can print pure, ultra-precise doses of drugs onto a wide variety of surfaces could one day enable on-site printing of custom-dosed medications at pharmacies, hospitals and other locations.

2017 Golden Goose Award recognizes six researchers whose taxpayer-funded work benefits society

The sixth annual Golden Goose Award ceremony will recognize three teams of scientists whose silly-sounding research has returned serious benefits to society. Led by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the award committee includes several science societies and organizations and Congressional supporters.

Week in Review: 9/17/17 – 9/23/17

Technique spots warning signs of extreme events

Now engineers at MIT have devised a framework for identifying key patterns that precede an extreme event. The framework can be applied to a wide range of complicated, multidimensional systems to pick out the warning signs that are most likely to occur in the real world.

September 20, 2017

AFRL selects fellows from Materials and Manufacturing Directorate

Two scientists from the Materials and Manufacturing Directorate were recently chosen as Air Force Research Laboratory Fellows. Dr. Allan Katz, High Temperature Silicon-Carbide-Fiber-Reinforced Silicon Carbide Composites for Turbines program manager and Dr. Ajit Roy, Computational Nanomaterials principal engineer and group lead were two of six scientists selected as AFRL Fellows.

September 19, 2017

Squeezing light into infinitesimally thin lines

Researchers have demonstrated a new mode of electromagnetic wave, called a “line wave,” which travels along an infinitesimally thin line along the interface between two adjacent surfaces with different electromagnetic properties. The scientists expect that line waves will be useful for the efficient routing and concentration of electromagnetic energy, such as light, with potential applications in areas ranging from integrated photonics, sensing and quantum processes to future vacuum electronics.

The Goldilocks Wing: Popular Airfoil Design Defies Aerodynamic Standards

Since the Wright brothers took to the sky in 1903 aboard their notorious, dual-winged biplane, we have seen countless wing designs of various shapes and sizes used on aircraft. Each of these wings have a particular cross-section design, known as an airfoil, that follows the textbook standard relationship between lift and the angle of attack. However, Professor Geoff Spedding, of USC Viterbi’s Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Department, found otherwise while performing careful experiments in the same standard conditions, but at a smaller scale. His results highlight the disparity between experiments, computations and aerodynamic models and how much work still needs to be done before reaching agreement as designers endeavor on small-scale flight – the next generation of drones.

September 18, 2017

Thin, flexible device could provide efficient cooling for mobile electronics – or people

Engineers and scientists from the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science and SRI International, a nonprofit research and development organization based in Menlo Park, California, have created a thin flexible device that could keep smartphones and laptop computers cool and prevent overheating.